The Children and Families Act 2014 amended the Children Act to make it easier for young carers to get an assessment of their needs and to introduce ‘whole family’ approaches to assessment and support. Local authorities must offer an assessment where it appears that a child is involved in providing care. Here are some examples of assessment tools that could make up a part of an overall whole family approach to assessment. This guidance has been compiled by Carers Trust
and The Children's Society
as part of the Making a step change: Putting it into practice
MACA YC-18: Multidimensional Assessment of Caring Activities
The MACA is a questionnaire to be completed by young carers that can be used as an indicator of the total amount of caring activity undertaken by a child or young person, as well as six subscale scores for:
- Domestic tasks
- Household management
- Personal care
- Emotional care
- Sibling care
- Financial/practical care.
PANOC YC-20: Positive and Negative Outcomes of Caring
The Positive and Negative Outcomes of Caring (PANOC-YC20) is a questionnaire to be completed by young carers that can be used to provide an index (or score) of the subjective cognitive and emotional impact of caring in young people.
Common Assessment Framework (CAF)
The CAF is a nationally standardised approach to conducting an assessment of the needs of a child or young person and deciding how those needs should be met. The CAF will promote more effective, earlier identification of children’s additional needs and improve multi-agency working. It is intended to provide a simple, non-bureaucratic process for a holistic assessment of a child’s needs, taking account of the individual, family and community.
The Outcomes Star™ both measures and supports progress towards self-reliance or other goals on multiple key areas such as health, caring role, relationships, feelings and behaviours, education and learning, etc. Different versions of the Star include the Carers Star, My Star and the Family Star. Each star is used to capture the voice of the young carer and their family, their needs, and their perspective on the changes they are experiencing.
My Life Now Wheel
My Life Now is an individual Assessment and Planning Tool for Young Carers. The tools include both an in depth and quick assessment wheel and a framework for setting goals.
The YCRG screening tool (YC-QST-20)
The questions in the Screening Tool have been cognitively tested in the DfE national study of young carers (with young carers themselves) and in YCRG research over many years. The tool and explanatory model are also currently being used in other countries (Japan, US) to help both researchers and practitioners identify young carers and their needs.